Gingivitis is a gum disease that is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on your teeth and gum line. As these buildups begin to harden it encourages the growth of bacteria that will quickly lead to an infection. Swollen, bleeding gums are a sign of gingivitis, and should be treated immediately.
Treatment for gingivitis involves the manual scraping of plaque and tartar off of your teeth, including below the gum line, called scaling. For more serious damage the roots of your teeth will be planed to remove damaged material. Once scaling or planing are complete, we will polish your tooth surfaces to discourage return of the disease. However, it is critical that patients suffering from gingivitis are diligent in their dental hygiene, and make regular appointments for periodontal maintenance.
While these procedures are normally not uncomfortable for the patient, your doctor may choose to use a mild anesthetic for more involved cases. Generally speaking, these procedures are performed over the course of few appointments to increase patient comfort and to encourage faster healing.